AllTreatment Articles http://www.alltreatment.com Recent articles from AllTreatment. en-us Copyright (C) 2017 alltreatment.com 2017 Drug Trends in San Antonio http://www.alltreatment.com/san-antonio-drug-trends Thu, 04 May 2017 17:08:59 +0000 <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">In 2015 &ndash; 2016, the population of San Antonio, Texas was more than 1.3 million people. Of this total, an estimated 50% of the population consists of Hispanic and Black residents, while around 40% of the state is White, and the remaining 10% is made up of other races. While San Antonio is a culturally diverse city with many historical attractions, it does have a prevalent drug problem. Law enforcement officials, social services and researchers have been paying particular attention to the following categories of substances over the years:</span></span></p> <ol style="margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: lower-alpha; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Methamphetamine</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: lower-alpha; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Heroin</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: lower-alpha; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Cocaine</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: lower-alpha; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Cannabis (Synthetic or non-synthetic)</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: lower-alpha; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Prescription drugs</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: lower-alpha; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">MDMA, PCP, others</span></span></p> </li> </ol> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">This article outlines the trends observed for the four main illicit substances in the above list.</span></span></p> <h1 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;margin-left: 5pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Methamphetamine</span></span></h1> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Although alcohol abuse is the most predominant problem in Texas, in San Antonio, the most widespread substance abused is methamphetamine. Meth has slowly climbed the ranks of abused substance in the last few years in San Antonio. According to an annual study carried out by the Community Epidemiology Work Group (CEWG), meth indicators are on an uptrend which is surprising due to the introduction of a ban on pseudo-ephedrine. Meth has been the most frequently reported over the past three years by criminal investigation laboratories. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has ranked meth among the top menaces in the cities around Texas, including San Antonio.</span></span></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">It was also noted that the meth manufactured in neighboring Mexico has reached an extraordinary level of purity which increases its potency. There are reports by the Customs and Border Patrol showing the increased volume of meth seizures along the Texas border in both the western part (more than double) and the lower areas (almost 4 times). This increased supply has adjusted the price of the drug downwards by about 44% between 2014 and 2015.</span></span></p> <h1 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;margin-left: 5pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Heroin</span></span></h1> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The CEWG reported that users of heroin much younger than users in previous years. More significantly, the percentage of users who are white has also increased as compared to people of color. Data collected on heroin seizures indicate a large increase (more than three times) on the western part of the Border. This could be pointing towards the existence of a new pipeline of product from the place of origin to West Texas and New Mexico.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.38;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> &nbsp;</p> <h1 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:2.05pt;margin-bottom:0pt;margin-left: 5pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Cocaine</span></span></h1> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">With the increases in usage and abuse observed from meth and heroin, cocaine indicators have accordingly decreased. The changes noted are probably due to a surge in demand for the drug in Europe (thus shifting the supply away from the US) and reported production weakening in the Andes. The quality of the drug is also in question with the introduction of a method which increases the production volume at the cost of diluting the product&rsquo;s level of potency. Apparently, this lower quality coupled with the ease of availability of meth has also enticed cocaine users to transition.</span></span></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Even the volume of cocaine seizures on the West Texas border has decreased by almost a third over the past 5 years, based on data provided by the Customs and Border Protection. Calls received by the Texas Poison Center Network involving the abuse and misuse of cocaine reported a steady decline of such cases over the past 6 &ndash; 8 years, from more than 1,400 calls in 2008 to around 540 in 2014. As for the profile of cocaine users, admissions to treatment programs between 2014 and 2015 show that there are two general types of users: Smokers who are generally older and most likely Black; and inhalers who are younger of age and more likely to be Hispanic. The average age of a case was 34 years old.</span></span></p> <h1 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.2;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;margin-left: 5pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Cannabis</span></span></h1> <p> <span id="docs-internal-guid-a2630df4-6d0a-bfef-a8d4-ed0d2aec7819"><span style="font-size: 11pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">As for Cannabis (otherwise known as Marijuana or weed), most data over the years continue to indicate a mixed trend in relation to the number of cases. However, the information also shows significant differences in the supply and usage techniques for this substance. In the last 4 years, Customs and Border Protection reported that there has been a significant decrease (almost one-fifth in the volume of seizures from West Texas and almost a third from South Texas) in the supply of this drug from Mexico. This was due to a number of reasons, i.e. cartel disputes coupled with the strengthening of border security. As a result of this decrease in supply from Mexico, Texas, in general, has seen an increase in indoor and hydroponic growth initiatives within its cities, including San Antonio. The DEA has also observed an increasing supply of quality marijuana from Colorado, within the US itself.</span></span></p> 2017 Drug Trends in Norfolk http://www.alltreatment.com/norfolk-drug-trends Thu, 27 Apr 2017 20:35:14 +0000 <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Norfolk is a city of 242,803 people, located in the Commonwealth area of Virginia. The city has for many decades been home to many military bases, including the world&rsquo;s biggest navy base, the Naval Station Norfolk. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Despite its strong military presence, there is one problem that local authorities and the federal government are still battling to win against &ndash; the war against drugs.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Heroin and Prescription Drug Overdoses</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">In 2015, 115 people overdosed on heroin and prescription drugs in the first six months of the year. Norfolk Chief Medical Examiner Rosie Hobron predicts that there will be more than a thousand such deaths in 2016. She said unfortunately the number of people dying from these drugs is not plateauing and neither does it show signs of going down. It is worrisome she says. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The drug problems that are being faced by the residents of the city are not new, but are giving both public health specialists and law enforcement agents a run for their money because as Attorney General Mark Herring said, &lsquo;It is as much a public health crisis as it is a law enforcement issue.&rsquo; </span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Drug Related Crime Problems</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Norfolk has one of the highest crime rates in the entire country. The crime rate is currently 45/1,000 residents. Put in a different way, the chances of a resident being attacked or falling prey to an attacker are one in 22. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-db7ae235-6d08-747e-5aa3-efd921655782"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Per year for every 1,000 people, there are 31 people murdered, 122 raped, 394 people robbed and 740 people assaulted. </span></span></p> 2017 Drug Trends in Seattle http://www.alltreatment.com/seattle-drug-trends Thu, 30 Mar 2017 16:47:43 +0000 <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">As seems to be the case nation-wide, heroin is the rising trend in the Seattle, Washington area. &nbsp;In 2014, 150 deaths in and around Seattle were heroin-related. Treatment admissions with heroin as the primary drug of use increased by 32% between 2013 and 2014 and the forensic reports and seizures by law enforcement for heroin have also increased.</span></span></p> <h1 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:12pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 16pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Dangerous Pattern</span></span></h1> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">There seems to be a pattern behind this national increase in heroin use and abuse. &nbsp;First, since the legalization of marijuana in so many states, the illegal market for marijuana has plummeted rather drastically. &nbsp;As a result, drug cartels, especially in Mexico, have been forced to change tactics to regain their hold on the American drug market. &nbsp;So, apparently, Mexican drug cartels have turned to replacing their marijuana fields with poppy fields. &nbsp;These poppies are the base substance for opium, heroin, and the numerous opiate pain killers available out there.</span></span></p> <h1 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:12pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 16pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Increased Heroin Output</span></span></h1> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Other people speculate that there is another contributing factor to the increase of heroin use in the United States. &nbsp;It seems that no matter how many poppy farms are burned to the ground in Afghanistan, there are more to take the places of the ones destroyed. &nbsp;Between the cartels in Mexico on one side, and the growing problem from Afghanistan on the other side, it is really no surprise that heroin is increasing its hold all over American almost exponentially.</span></span></p> <h1 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:12pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 16pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Drug Overdoses</span></span></h1> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">At the same time that straight heroin has become more available around Seattle, prescription opiates have become harder to get a hold of. &nbsp;Indicators for opiate prescriptions around Seattle have started to level off and so have treatment admissions with prescription opiates as the primary drug. &nbsp;What is more, oxycodone was only 5.7% of all confiscations and forensic reports in 2013. &nbsp;Unfortunately, prescriptions opiates are still the leading cause of drug-overdose deaths, probably due to intentional suicide.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Even though heroin is THE trend to watch right now, Seattle still contends with other drug problems in addition to heroin.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:2pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Cocaine</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Currently in Seattle, cocaine indicators seem to be slowly decreasing. &nbsp;As of 2013, treatment admissions for cocaine, between 30 and 44 years of age, were down to 8%; for users between 45 and 54 years old, admissions were down to 16%. &nbsp;Confiscations by law enforcement and forensics reports for cocaine were likewise down, in 2013, to 14.6% from 17.1% in 2012. &nbsp;Unfortunately, cocaine related deaths were up to 35 for 2013.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:2pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Methamphetamine</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">In Seattle, sadly, the abuse of methamphetamine is also increasing drastically. &nbsp;Over 1,000 people were admitted for methamphetamine treatment in 2014. &nbsp;Methamphetamine related deaths have dramatically increased from 44 people in 2013 to 70 people in 2014. &nbsp;Reports from law enforcement around Seattle have stated that most methamphetamine seizures in the area of come originally from Mexico and that the methamphetamine confiscated is high in purity.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:2pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Marijuana (Cannabis)</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">In Seattle, among youth (grades 7 through 12), admissions for marijuana treatment were high in 2013 and percentages seemed to go down as the users&rsquo; ages increased. By 2014, treatment admissions were down by 32%. &nbsp;Drug confiscations and forensics reports for marijuana were also down to 7.2% in 2013. &nbsp;The reason for this decline may be that marijuana is no longer as illegal as it once was so confiscations are falling.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:2pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Benzodiazepines</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Benzodiazepines (such as alprazolam and clonazepam) are a class of drugs that are primarily used to treat insomnia, anxiety, depression and panic attacks, among other conditions. &nbsp;While benzodiazepines are not a major problem around Seattle, they continue to crop up in conjunction with other substances. &nbsp;Alprazolam and clonazepam were the most prevalent benzodiazepines identified in confiscations and forensics reports but have continues to show up in low numbers since 2009.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:2pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Calibri; color: rgb(46, 117, 181); background-color: transparent; font-weight: 400; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Other Drugs (Club Drugs)</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">For whatever reasons, &ldquo;club drugs&rdquo; such as Spice and Ecstasy have declined so much as to be almost non-existent on the law enforcement scene. &nbsp;This miscellaneous drug category was in remarkably low levels in law enforcement records for 2013 and absolutely no drug-related deaths were linked to this category. &nbsp;According to forensics laboratories, none of the six known varieties of synthetic cannabis showed up in any records in 2013. &nbsp;The majority of these so-called &ldquo;club drugs&rdquo; seem to have dropped out of the running almost completely in the Seattle area for the first half of 2013.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.295;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:8pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-3ce39dca-6d05-9aff-0e84-a378aa0d4f17"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Compared to other statistics around the country, Seattle seems to have a working approach to decreasing the power of that huge predator, known as drug abuse, in its communities. &nbsp;Several drug categories seem to be leveling off or decreasing noticeably in Seattle.</span></span></p> <div> &nbsp;</div> 2017 Drug Trends in North Las Vegas http://www.alltreatment.com/north-las-vegas-drug-trends Thu, 23 Mar 2017 20:49:08 +0000 <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">North Las Vegas is notorious for drugs, drinking and its fast-paced lifestyle. Although situated in a picturesque setting, the dealings that happen in the city belie its apparent calm and demeanor. &nbsp;The city is a high drug traffic zone and is highly regulated by federal officials working together with local law enforcement agents. The city itself is home to 226,877 people.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The Heroin Problem</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">One of the biggest drug problems in North Las Vegas is that of heroin. The number of people who have died from heroin overdose in the last 11 years has nearly quadrupled, states a report by the Centers for Disease Control.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Percentage of People in Rehab</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">There have been a total number of 4,921 rehab admissions in the previous year, which is 2.16% of the entire population. This number is predicted to increase slightly this year according to health officials. This is because drug usage is reported to have gone up by 1.4% since last year. However it&rsquo;s not all bad news, seeing as general admittance rates are lower than they were in 2007.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Prescription Drugs</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Prescription drugs are not the newest craze on the market, but they are certainly gaining traction. Over the last 10 years, the per capita sales for two of the most frequently abused prescription drugs Oxycodone and Hydrocodone saw a respective increase of sale of 366% and 233%. </span></span></p> <p> <span id="docs-internal-guid-5653c9fb-6d04-4df3-03e9-3e1b3513d0d3"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Pharmacy break-ins by desperate drug users are becoming the norm and are cause for concern say DEA officials. This marks the importance of high quality rehab centers that can help people kick the habit and live a clean life.</span></span></p> 2017 Drug Trends in Tucson http://www.alltreatment.com/tucson-drug-trends Thu, 16 Mar 2017 21:39:01 +0000 <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Tucson is located in the state of Arizona, a state that shares a border with Mexico. It&rsquo;s not surprising to see just how drugs can be such a big problem in the city, since a lot of drugs are smuggled across the border for a higher profit. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Tuscan has a population of more than 520,000. Many of the people living in the area are illegal Mexican immigrants, approximately 10% of the 41% of Mexican migrants in the city. South Tucson in particular, is notorious for being a high crime zone and drug trafficking area. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Drug trafficking is big business in Tucson, worth several billion dollars. Every year close to 300,000 pounds worth of marijuana is impounded by the police in and around Arizona, with notably large cases coming from Tucson. The DEA has provided a special warehouse where all the impounded drugs are kept. This </span><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration facility</span><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;"> is now so full that there is no more room for other drugs. The warehouse&rsquo;s location is kept secret. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The drug network in Tucson is very well developed because of two main reasons. The first reason is the proximity of the state of Arizona to the Mexican border. This proximity makes drug trafficking easier. People are caught every day trying to cross the border illegally. Interestingly, drugs aren&rsquo;t just coming into the US, but are also leaving the country. In 2015, $9.1 billion worth of drugs left the country via Interstate 10, which passes through Tucson, towards Mexico. Authorities in Tucson have strong leads that many of the drugs that arrive in America make a stop in Tucson before being transported to other cities in Arizona.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Being the second most populated city in the state of Arizona also means that the drug network and those responsible for drug peddling can hide and operate undetected for long periods of time. Interstate 10 which connects Tucson to Phoenix, the most populated city in Arizona and the base of most drug operations in the state, forms a crucial link for this menacing drug problem. </span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">What Tucson Law Enforcement Agents Are Doing About the Drug Problem</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Law enforcement agents continue to fight the drug war aggressively on both sides of the border. Since 2006, an estimated 150,000 people have been killed in clashes at the border in drug related incidents and illegal border crossing. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Joining hands with lawmakers, Tucson law enforcement agents are encouraging educational programs aimed at teaching people about the dangers of drugs. If these programs are successful in Tucson and the surrounding towns, then there is hope that the same program can be applied in other cities in the rest of the country.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Another initiative that is still being tested is that of creating a Controlled Substances Prescription Monitoring Program database. This database system is aimed at helping doctors screen out potential patients who are going around looking for doctors who can prescribe them painkillers. Although it is a good endeavor, one of the weaknesses of this system is that it is not a mandatory service for doctors to use. Hence, several doctors unwittingly might be prescribing the same drug to the same person across different parts of Tucson if they choose not to check the person&rsquo;s details in this database.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Another Problem to Deal with &ndash; Prescription Drug Overdose</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Marijuana and heroin aren&rsquo;t the only drugs causing havoc in Tucson. Prescription drugs are a cause for concern because the statistics of people who die due to prescription drug overdose is now higher than those who die in car crashes. 327 autopsies were carried out with the main cause of death being linked to morphine, heroin, or oxycodone. This was against 197 autopsies done on people who had passed away as a result of car accidents.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Prescription drug overdose, particularly in people ages 12 years and over has become one of the latest scourges to hit the city. Tucson, being part of Arizona, contributed to the state&rsquo;s overall high record of 5.66% of people who abuse or misuse prescription drugs. This figure is high when compared to the national average of 4.57%. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">However, this is not to say that the trend has only been increasing. In fact, thanks to efficient policies, there has been a significant drop in this percentage. In fact, the figure you see above reported for 2011 was actually lower than the figure recorded in 2009-2010 period, which stood at a record high of 6.31% against the national rate at the time of 4.89%.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The unlikely culprits contributing to the prescription drug problem, according to the prevention services manager at the Arizona Department of Health Service&rsquo;s Office of Prevention, Lisa Shumaker, are ironically doctors who overprescribe drugs. Other problems that are linked to prescription drug abuse mentioned by Shumaker included the unregulated buying and selling of unused medication, and the general lack of knowledge on the part of the city&rsquo;s residents. </span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The Targeted Tucson Residents and Drug Market at Large</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">A lot of the city&rsquo;s economic development is linked to the city&rsquo;s major university &ndash; the University of Arizona. Students of the university are among some of the most consistent substance abusers and targets of drug traffickers. More than half of students in a survey carried out by the Youth Survey in Tucson showed that they got drugs from their friends. 10% of girls and 6% of boys in the same survey said that they had experimented with prescription medication like Tylox, OxyContin and Percocet.</span></span></p> <p> <span id="docs-internal-guid-6b350ba4-6d00-94ba-5097-8e364c978e19"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Tucson&rsquo;s $2 billion dollar a year tourism industry, coupled with a vibrant nightlife at clubs, resorts and attraction centers is also another willing and ready market for those selling drugs. </span></span></p> 2017 Drug Trends in Virginia Beach http://www.alltreatment.com/drug-trends-virginia-beach Thu, 02 Mar 2017 18:49:14 +0000 <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Virginia Beach is an ethnically diverse city of 450,980 people. The cultural mix and diversity of the city makes for a very vibrant community and potential drug market. &nbsp;</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Areas surrounding Virginia Beach are rural in nature, which makes the entire region prone to drugs such as marijuana, which can be grown without others knowing or meth which can be cooked in out-of-the-way hidden labs.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Virginia Beach&rsquo;s well developed transportation network is ideal for illicit drug movement within the city. Interstate 95 is the major route that is often used to transports drugs out of Virginia Beach as it connects to all the major cities in the state. Police have discovered rental vehicles and commercial vehicles being used as part of the transportation of drugs into the city and throughout the state during their Operation Pipeline initiative.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Drug Abuse Treatments Declining</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The years between 1995 and 1999 saw a major shift in the number of people who got admitted into rehab for drug related problems in Virginia Beach. The results of the decline can be seen in the following table, which was put together by the Virginia Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services.</span></span></p> <div dir="ltr" style="margin-left:-5.75pt;"> <table style="border-width: initial; border-style: none; border-color: initial; border-collapse: collapse;"> <colgroup> <col width="121" /> <col width="121" /> <col width="121" /> <col width="122" /> <col width="134" /> </colgroup> <tbody> <tr style="height:0pt"> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">YEAR</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Cocaine</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Heroin </span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Marijuana</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Methamphetamine</span></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:0pt"> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">1995</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">11,893</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">2,737</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">5,912</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">105</span></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:0pt"> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">1996</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">11,777</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">3,396</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">7,503</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">142</span></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:0pt"> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">1997</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">11,743</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">4,045</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">7,947</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">102</span></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:0pt"> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">1998</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">11,887</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">5,013</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">9,072</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">179</span></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:0pt"> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">1999</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">11,363</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">4,609</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">9,334</span></span></p> </td> <td style="border-left:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-right:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-bottom:solid #000000 0.5pt;border-top:solid #000000 0.5pt;vertical-align:top;padding:0pt 5.75pt 0pt 5.75pt"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">192</span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <p> <span style="background-color: transparent; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size: 12pt; white-space: pre-wrap; text-align: justify;">More recent statistics show that in 2009: </span></p> <ul style="margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: disc; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Just over 6,000 people were admitted into rehab for marijuana treatment </span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: disc; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">3,200 for cocaine treatment</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: disc; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">2,500 for an unknown substance</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: disc; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">2,300 for heroin addiction</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: disc; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">2,200 for other opiates</span></span></p> </li> <li dir="ltr" style="list-style-type: disc; font-size: 12pt; font-family: Arial; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline;"> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">300 people for other stimulants</span></span></p> </li> </ul> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Virginia Beach&rsquo;s rate of drug abuse is higher than the national average of 7.33%. Virginia Beach&rsquo;s rate of drug abuse stood at 8.02% in 2015. This data is based on a survey that was carried out by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health where those being interviewed had to answer a question, which asked if they had abused a dangerous drug in the month prior to the survey.</span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Drug Possession in Virginia Beach</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Drug possession and use in Virginia Beach is dealt with ruthlessly in the city. The city had 45% of all its federal sentences being linked to drugs, either drug possession, transportation, or use in the year 2000. On a national scale, only 40% of federal cases had to do with drugs and drug related issues. Of those federal cases, 51% of them were related to crack cocaine, which was statistically higher than the national average of 21%. These cases saw close to one quarter of people who were sent to prison in 1998 being incarcerated for drug related crimes.</span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Crimes associated with drugs in Virginia Beach are common. In 1995, 28,926 people were arrested in connection to the selling and/or possession of dangerous drugs. By 1998, the number had risen by almost 2,000 people to 30,348. The following two years did however show a decrease in the number of arrests, with 25,577 people being arrested in 1999, and just 23,335 people getting incarcerated in the year 2000. </span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Substance Abuse and Its Cost on Virginia Beach Residents</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Substance abuse is costly for everyone in the community. It isn&rsquo;t a problem that affects just the abusers of these drugs, but it also affects the common taxpayer whose tax money is used to provide treatments for such people. In 1998, the state of Virginia spent an estimated $1.8 million on substance abuse related issues. This money comes from taxpayers pockets, and in 1998 it would have cost each resident up to $267 per annum. </span></span></p> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Drugs are a scourge in the city and the state because money that could be used to help develop the city is instead channeled to such efforts. In fact, as much as 12% of the state budget is allocated to help fight the war against drugs in the different cities of Virginia. </span></span></p> <h2 dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.3800000000000001;margin-top:10pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 13pt; font-family: Cambria; color: rgb(79, 129, 189); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">Getting Help</span></span></h2> <p dir="ltr" style="line-height:1.7999999999999998;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:10pt;text-align: justify;"> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">In Virginia Beach, there were 35 deaths directly linked to heroin in 2015 (3 times more than in 2014). There were also 131 overdoses, more than double in 2014. Rehabs in the city are pushing a lot of programs to help people, so that there aren&rsquo;t any more fatalities. Currently Virginia Beach has 11 drug treatment facilities to cater to the growing numbers of drug addicts. </span></span></p> <p> <span id="docs-internal-guid-54671a20-6cfc-083b-9826-d6b0ddb71b31"><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background-color: transparent; vertical-align: baseline; white-space: pre-wrap;">The city of Virginia Beach is actively involved in promoting the education of children in schools towards the dangers of drugs. The city also supports government initiatives such as the $25 million antidrug legislation by the Office of the Governor that aims to strengthen treatment and prevention programs across Virginia Beach and the rest of the state.</span></span></p>