Autism is a neurological disorder that impairs verbal interaction, cognitive abilities, and social ability and development in people especially in male children. It literally alters how the synapses and nerves connect and the whole process. This generally affects communication which can make the affected individual withdraw from the society or find it difficult to make and mix with others.

Causes of autism

There are different autism levels, therefore, failure to diagnose it in the first stages will result to its most extreme form which can make the patient live with medication and under supervision for the rest of his/her life. Many kinds of research have been conducted but not yet to find its definite cause. However, some chemical influences and environmental factors sighted to be the possible causes are:
– Chromosomal interaction in a character’s genes can impact autism development.
– Children whose siblings or parents are autistic run the risk of autism development.
– Prescriptive drugs consumption such as valproic acid or thalidomide during pregnancy greatly increases autism chances in the unborn child.
– Prematurely born children, or are severely underweight during birth are more susceptible towards autism syndromes development.

Some Facts about Autism are:

1. Autism is a lifelong condition and if undiagnosed early renders children to be less responsive to stimulation in their surrounding: meaning that they might not share a smile or emotion.

2. Autism is one of the five-class syndromes classified as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs). Generally, they all share common symptoms except for the severity of the warning signs and their onset time in the patient.

3. Autism may affect one’s learning ability hence coming up with some difficulties of things we take for granted as part of growing up like toilet training.

4. The number of individuals discovered to have autism has rapidly grown in the past ten years. Some studies conducted in 2005 showed that autism patients were only one in 166, 10 years later the number of people diagnosed had grown to one in 68 which is more than 100 percent increase over the past decade.

5. Autistic children might show sign of abnormal behavior such as temper, staring into space or objects or rocking whilst sitting. Diagnosed by the age of two, improved outcomes can be noted.

6. An autistic individual can become resistant to change by becoming obsessive or focused on a particular action or item.

7. Sleep disorders mostly affect autistic people. Although sleep disorders occur in autism individuals, they are treatable. Some organizations like Autism Speaks has sponsored research that came up with evidencebased tool kits for guardians or parents to assist their children to overcome these disorders. They also
provided medical guidelines for doctors who treat sleep disorders in autistic individuals.

8. It is less likely for an autistic child become a cheerleader: the child is likely to have a solid relationship with closest family members who are always around. But some autistic people can build strong and firm friendships through passionately shared interests, and can even marry and have fulfilling romantic relationships. All they need is assistance in their complex works of managing and developing a satisfying social life.

9. Autistic adults need support, friendship, and opportunities. Whether the condition is severely autistic or high functioning, autistic adults are working harder than others to enjoy and have a fulfilling life. For them to become successful, they need support, friendship and opportunities like everyone else so as to fit, play and work in a competitive social setting. This means that their needs must be met at all cost by people around (families, communities or extended communities) who believe in their capabilities, wish them well and accommodate their special needs and challenges.

Diagnosis and treatment

There are no fully-determined medical tests like blood test and other analyses to detect autism hence parents, caregivers, and doctors have the onus to be attentive to child’s activities and find out the autistic signs through behavioral traits.

Autism cures are not yet discovered, but early intervention and giving effective treatment can counter its severity and major extent. Autistic individuals who manifest symptoms of social and linguistic impairment can be trained to enhance their skills to interact with others and act more presentable in a social setting.

Autism is a challenging and disabling condition that needs attention and understanding. By carefully understanding it, the barriers that mostly hinder many people from doing something contribution about the problem will gradually dissolve. This will enhance the giving of appropriate care needed to individuals afflicted with it.