The Global Market Place

  1. The cultural factors must U.S sports franchises overcome to increase popularity abroad? Why?

Sports are multi-faceted activities that include encompassing current competitions like the seasonal Olympics every year such as the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. Others may include other sporting activities such as basketball, skiing, football and other recreational competitions (Eitzen, 1999). The cultural practices in the United States have over the years affected the popularity of the nation’s sports capacity. The professional leagues of sport’s club are organized in sport franchise and the league has the role of overcoming the cultural practices.

Some of the cultural factors that the franchise must overcome include; ownership and management strength. These also include acquiring sponsors that can pay the athletes’ good salary and nature the talents of the youth. Most franchise had failed because poor financial management and embezzlements of management capital (Eitzen, 1999).

Secondly, another cultural factor that the franchise must overcome is poor foreign policy and poor mutual relationship with Middle East countries that made up the fallen USSR. America has even boycotted Olympic Games that were held in one the countries due to poor diplomatic relations.

The third cultural practice is the fun support. Most of the United States citizen has developed a culture supporting European football club and providing large fan base for such clubs and therefore the franchise have a huge task of changing the mind of the citizens to support the local clubs in nurturing talents and fund the clubs by proving the stadium entry fee the supports the club financially in management roles. After overcoming these cultural challenges and getting the necessary home support base, hence would find mind market internationally.

  1. How can franchises ensure their products are appropriate for international markets?

Some of the products of sport franchise include; teams, jersey uniforms, sports items like shirts and colors, logos and so on. One the ways of ensuring the product sells in the international market is by building a strong team with a passion of winning almost every trophy in a competition (Mac Cambridge, 1997). When the team is successful, the share of the club increases in the share market and the club can sell several of its products such as their jersey and other clubs right which are profitable both locally and professionally (Mac Cambridge, 1997).

Another method for sport franchise to make their products appropriate in the international market is by holding various tournaments in various countries and opening training academies that nature the young talents in various parts of the world. Through this act, the club undertakes marketing activities over the world and therefore finds newer market for its products (Mac Cambridge, 1997).

The franchise can make their products relevant to the international market by celebrity advertisement, for example, they can brand their products with one of their world famous athlete that has wide following to advertise for them their products. The product can therefore find global market for the sake of the celebrated individual.




  1. Should the governments project their industries by placing tariffs on imported products?

For the sake of protecting the local franchises, the government should impose tariffs on imported products. By so doing the imported products will be more expensive and hence leaving the local products for larger share of the market (Kitenga, 2010). This action as well supports the local franchises and prevents them from collapsing due to lack of ready market. Therefore to develop local franchise to successful level, the tariffs should be imposed on imported products.

















Eitzen, D. S. (1999). Fair and foul: Beyond the myths and paradoxes of sports. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Kitenga, G. (2010). Introduction to tax law. Nairobi, Kenya: Law Africa Pub.

Mac Cambridge, M. (1997). The Frachise: A history of Sports illustrated magazine. New York: Hyperion.


Philosophical Viewpoints on Social Welfare Policies


PART 1: Philosophical Viewpoints on Social Welfare Policies

The process of policy making in the United States of America is an inherently a complex one. The power of policy making is shared between the congress and the executive. American policy making does not result from the edicts of one single branch of the government but it is a product of interaction among branches. The weak divisions among the judicial, legislative and executive functions in the United States of America have eroded the rise of modern American administrative state.   This has resulted in the notion that American policy making does not feature various branches of government but features a bramble of overlapping policy making forums.  Policy making in the United States of America is considered as an interbranch dialogue. This is shaped by political, institutional and strategic contexts.  Policy making is a negotiated process. There is several policy arenas involved in the science of policy making (Farmer, 2005).

The fear for a strong central government was informed by the fact that such government might impose restrictions on slave trade and curtail the expansion of slavery. The framers of the constitution were serious minded men who advocated for a strong central government but with separation of powers and strong checks and balance.    The fear for a strong central government was informed by their previous experience with Britain; the states did not want to cede more power to the central government. They feared that a strong central would have more control over states and people.

In the United States of America, liberal and conservatism continuum is the most meaningful and logical position to take.  It is made practical in the definition of most political and ideological issues; it determines the context of a policy. Since the signing of the declaration of independence, liberalism and conservatism is considered as the primary axis of ideological and policy conflict in America (Maddox & Lillie, 1984). Policy making in America was influenced by the principle of policy making in America.  Policymaking in Britain and America is similar since it involves various branches of the government and it is a process of coordination between these branches.



Farmer, B. R. (2005). American conservatism: History, theory and practice. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press.

Maddox, W., & Lilie, S. (1984). Beyond Liberal and Conservative: Reassessing the Political Spectrum. Lanham: Cato Institute.

Real World Applications to OD Principles

I have a retail dry goods store employing over 100  people .majority of the customers are those who are employed in an automotive  support accessory industry who announced that they were going to shift home to Mexico. This change in residence of the customer will seriously hamper our sales as well as our organizational growth .the goal is to understand how this change in customer base will affect the organization and how the changes can be faced using the principles of OD and how these principles can be applied to ensure that there is sustainability of the organization despite the changes. On high priority is to understand how the challenges will be faced. Organizational development is meant to be the readiness of an organization to meet future changes. My intentions are to apply the beliefs of OD to value systems, set of beliefs  organizational hierarchy structures and to allow the better use of disruptive  technology to  absorb the market opportunities and to  face challenges  that could ensue thereof .


Change has to be continually adapted to and evolution has to be accepted as part of the changing scene. If one does not adapt to changes, the system will throw him out .The apprehension that the firm may stop functioning because of the relocation of the customers to Mexico is a major threat. In order to remain in the market it is important the employee beliefs are coordinated and they are made confident that they will not lose their jobs. in order to bring in this, the employees will have to be motivated to accept that despite the change, the firm will be fully operational  .the morale of the employees have to be boosted . The best way to tackle the fear in employees is being honest with them and keeps before them the challenges that the company faces. A good leader is one who wins the trust of the employees.
The best way to keep the morale of the employees high, it is imperative that we face the changes in a very orderly manner. In order to do this, the employees will have to be made into teams. Each of the teams will have to be evaluated for their strengths and weaknesses. Every employees has his own strengths and weaknesses hence a balanced team is one which has an ideal mix of both. This way the weaknesses can be mitigated with the strengths and teams can complement each other.

The organization has a strong structure and these changes in team composition will enhance the deliverables of the firm and the loss of a huge chunk of customers may not impact the firm. Since the organization is well structured to meet challenges and changes, these market dynamics can well be absorbed .the news of the customers relocating could be the worst news but this is considered to be the beginning of new associations .this challenge allows the firm to look at reworking strategies from bottom up.

Organizational development is a design which enables organizations to accept systematic processes for implementing changes. “Guiding principles can facilitate organizational decision-making in fast-moving environments, and thus may play an important role in organizational change processes. However, intentionally generating principles that will be meaningful and robust for management teams is difficult.” (Oliver & Jacobs, 2007, p. 13). Effective organizational changes can be successful only if employees remain loyal, motivated and efficient. Employees need to be told that the firm is very much interested in their well being both personal and professional a satisfied employee brings in hope whereas one dissatisfied employee brings in the infection of unhappiness.

Brown, D.R. (2011). An Experiential Approach to Organization Development (8th ed.).
Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall. ISBN: 9780136106890
Oliver, D., & Jacobs, C. (2007). Developing guiding principles: An organizational learning perspective. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 20(6), 813-828. doi: 10.1108/09534810710831037