Fungus on the Fingers – Diagnosis and Treatment
The fungus of the fingers is included into one of the most common groups of diseases - mycoses. Infection with a fungus is extremely fast, a disease itself spreads through personal hygiene items, when you visit certain locations and using other people's cosmetic items.
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The possibility of fungus to parasite in both animals and humans complicate prevention and measures to combat the disease, respectively, each can serve as a source of cross-contamination.
Symptoms of fungus on the fingers
The appearance of red spots on the fingers and on the skin between the toes can be distinguished as the first symptoms of fungus on the fingers. Bubbles and white patches also often appear.
The affected area may increase with the development process, and then pronounced border of infection is formed, which can be seen on the skin of the hands and fingers. The development of fungus on the fingers is accompanied by severe itching and pain, in most cases, the nail in the affected by fungus area changes color to yellow or gray.
With the absence of timely treatment, the affected nail thickens considerably and crumbles, with the deformation and transfer of infection on the skin under the nail plate.
Etiology and pathogenesis
Parasitic fungi, including Candida albicans, Candida tropicana, Microsporum and Sporotrichium may be the causative agent of fungal lesions on the fingers (and other microorganisms, which become sources of infection of the fingers, can also be included in this list).
An enabling environment for the growth of microorganisms can cause the rapid development of the disease. Other diseases those are among the most common diseases of the skin can also cause contamination of fungal infection.
Candidiasis, actinomycosis, dermatophytes and Sporotrichosis are in the list of diseases.
Candidiasis often provokes the development of fungus on the fingers. Dual etiology of the disease usually causes this. Moreover, the fungal pathogen infection is present in the body of any person. Its appearance is the result of reduced immunity or a significant breach of the proper functioning of the body's systems.
Vitamin deficiency, long-term use of potent antibiotics or significant consumption of sweets can also cause the appearance of fungus on the fingers. In most cases, the impact of external factors may also be the causative agent of fungus, including frequent hand washing, frequent contact with contaminated objects or personal hygiene items.
The fungus "Candida" propagates on the surface of rotten fruit or spoiled sweet products actively. Direct contact with these things may cause the development of an active infection and its appearance on the body, particularly on the hands, feet and nails.
Onychomycosis is most often characterized by lesions of the nail plate or a certain part of the local destruction of healthy nail. It belongs to the type of serious infectious diseases and it is transmitted by direct contact with an infected person.
With a weak immunity infection also occurs by contact with personal hygiene items. Long stay in a wet environment, including mechanical damage of the nail plate and the skin around the fingers significantly increases the risk of infection with onychomycosis.
The development of sporotrichosis occurs most often in children and people are constantly in contact with the animals, which are the main carriers of this type of fungus "Candida." It is transmitted by direct contact with a carrier of infection. The risk of infection increases if there are mechanical injuries or microcracks on the hands, which are sometimes even invisible for the eye.
Dermatophytosis is a vast group of diseases. Treatment of such fungal infection is made based on laboratory studies, which include a recovery of the affected area of the skin and general restoration of immunity of the infected organism. It requires a long course of treatment with the use of topical and systemic treatment.
Diagnosis of fungus on fingers
Diagnosis of fungus on the fingers is carried out under conditions of laboratory tests with the getting of epithelial on trial. The analysis is intended to clarify the origin of the fungal infection and identify the causative agent. Most fungal infections on the fingers have similar symptoms but require personalized treatment with specific drugs for each case separately.
Treatment of fungus on fingers
Upon detection of a fungal infection early stage of development, you can limit ourselves to use of means of local action. This may include the use of drugs such as miconazole, terbinafine, and clotrimazole
Treatment of fungus on the fingers in a neglected state requires the use of a whole range of drugs, including the ones of oral administration. In the worst development of the disease the potent antibiotics and antifungals can be assigned.
In most cases, the drug fluconazole (or similar by efficiency) is taken orally. The initial dose is 150-400 mg. subsequently the drug should also be taken daily, but at a lower dose of about 50-150 mg.
Treatment with medication is assigned in each case individually, taking into account the general level of infection, features of the body and the presence of certain chronic diseases in the patient (which can give a complication in the use of certain medications).
Prevention of fungal infection contains several key recommendations, including:
- Compliance with the basic norms and rules of personal hygiene.
- Washing hands with anti-fungal medications and special disinfectant gel.
- Eliminating the possibility of direct contact with a possible carrier of infection.
- Eliminating the use someone`s else set of cosmetic and personal care products.
If there is mechanical injury to the skin of hands it is recommended to treat the wound with special antiseptic or solutions - it will reduce the risk of infection, and in most cases, completely eliminates such a possibility.
Do not left for later the treatment of fungus on the fingers. The disease progresses rapidly and it is able to travel back to the other parts of the body with infection of the entire organism. Early treatment will help to get rid of the possible development of the disease and to cure the body from harmful microorganisms completely.